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Urbino is one of the most impressive Renaissance cities in Italy and the imposing Palazzo Ducale houses the regions art treasures dating from the 14th century (Galleria Nazionale della Marche), including works by Raphael and Piero della Francesca. The famous painting of the Duke of Ubino, Frederico Montefeltro by Piero della Francesca, in a red hat with a crooked nose is included in the collection.
Although squabbled over by the Montefeltro and the Medici families, then by Napoleon and Papacy, the city became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1860. The central area forms one of the best preserved renaissance cities in Italy.
Its famous university was founded in 1506 and the buildings, including the Palace and the Duomo were principally designed by Florentine architects. Its western facade, called the Facciata die Torrcini, with its two slender cusped towers and airy loggias, is perhaps the best-known image of the Marche region.